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Al-Naẓm Stylistic Discourse in I’jāz al-Qur’ān Based on Al-Jurjānī’s Perspective: Analysis of Arabic Literature Criticism on the Qur'an Studies

  • Ahmad Atabik Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kudus

Abstract

This article discusses Arabic literature criticism during the classical period represented in al-Jurjāni’s nam (poetic) theory. It aims to analyze al-Jurjānī's thoughts in the field of balāgha (Arabic rhetoric) in revealing the miracles of the Qur'an in terms of its language beauty. Al-Jurjānī argues that one of the miraculous aspects of the Qur'an is concerned with its nam. Although the theory of nam had been previously proposed by Arabic literary scholars, such as al-Jāhiẓ, al-Baqillānī and al-Rummānī, al-Jurjānī, however, elaborated and developed the theory nam in great details. His theory contributes to the development of the meaning of balāgha and introduces it to public audience amongst scholars of the Qur’an. Al-Jurjānī concludes that nam is determined by the meaning of the Qur'anic verses as well as the structure in the discipline of nawu (grammar). The nawu and nam theory work together to generate meaning of the spoken sentence. Al-Jurjānī’s concept of nam supersedes later experts' and even modern Western linguists' discoveries and knowledge in the field of Arabic literary criticism.

Keywords: Al-Jurjānī, al-Naẓm Stylistic, I’jāz al-Qur’ān, Arabic Literature Criticism

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Atabik, A. (2021). Al-Naẓm Stylistic Discourse in I’jāz al-Qur’ān Based on Al-Jurjānī’s Perspective: Analysis of Arabic Literature Criticism on the Qur’an Studies. Ulumuna, 25(1), 57-83. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v25i1.425
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