Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

How to Deal with the Verses of War: Abdullah Saeed’s Instructional Values on Reading the Qur’an

  • Akhmad Siddiq UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Abstract

The connection between violence and religious principle from time to time has been an essential topic discussed among Muslim scholars. Many radical movements, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syiria (ISIS), referred to the Qur’an and hadith for justifying or rationalizing their violent acts. They consumed the verses of the Qur’an in order to graps and spread their mission. They hijacked the scripture in their behalf. This article aims to describe the verses of war in the Qur’an which structurally consists of social and political nuances. This article also discusses what so-called “permissive-structure” or “instruction-structure” and elucidates several verses of war, based on Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-‘Aẓīm written by Imam al-Ḥāfiẓ Abū al-Fidā’ and al-Mīzān fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān written by Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Ṭabāṭabā’ī. Using hermeneutical approach and discourse-analysis, this study argues that the verses of war in the Qur’an have been contextually misinterpreted by the radical groups to achieve their political interests.

Keywords: verses of war, instructional value, radicalism, contextualist interpretation

References

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf. The Holy Qur’an. Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Classics, 2000.

Al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr. Al-Itqān fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 2003.

Butler, Michael J. International Conflict Management. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Coggin, Bridget. Power Politics and State Formation in the Twentieth Century: The Dynamics of Recognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Davey, Nicholas. Unquiet Understanding: Gadamer’s Philosophical Hermeneutics. New York: State University of New York Press, 2006.

Ḍayf, Shawqī, Ḥāmid ‘Abd al-Qādir, Muḥammad ‘Alī al-Najjar Ibrāhīm Musṭafā, and Aḥmad Ḥasan al-Zayyat. Al-Mu’jam al-Wasīṭ. Cairo: Majma’ al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyah, 2004.

Esack, Farid. The Qur’an: A Short Introduction. Oxford: Oneworld, 2002.

Fahcrodin, Aziz Anwar. The Islamic State in Ira and Al-Sham (ISIS): Anatomy of Theology and Justifications of Violence. Yogyakarta: Center for Religious and Cross-Cultural Studies, 2016.

Hardiman, F. Budi. Seni Memahami Hermeneutik dari Schleiemacher sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2015.

Haykal, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Ḥayāt Muḥammad. Cairo: al-Hay’ah al-Miṣriyyah al-‘Ammah li al-Kitab, 2001.

al-Sibā’ī, Musṭafā. Al-Sīrah al-Nabawiyyah Durūs wa ‘Ibar. Cairo: Dār al-Salām, 1998.

al-Ṭabāṭabā’ī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Al-Mīzān fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān. Beirut: Mu’āssasah al-A’lā, 1991.

Ibn Hishām, ‘Abd al-Mālik. Al-Sīrah al-Nabawiyyah. Cairo: Dār al-Hadīth, 1998.

Ibn Kathīr, Al-Imām Abū al-Fidāʾ Ismāʿīl ibn ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-Aẓīm. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1998.

Imrān, ‘Abdurrahmān Ḥamd ‘Alī. Dīn al-Haqq. KSA: Ministry of Islamic Affairs, 1998.

Leeuw, G. van der. Religion in Essence and Manifestation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Levine, Stewart. Getting to Resolution: Turning Conflict into Collaboration. California: Berret-Koehler Publisher, 2009.

Locke, John. Two Treaties of Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Mustofa, Imron. “Kritik Metode Kontekstualisasi Penafsiran Al-Qur’an Abdullah Saeed.” ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 10, no. 2 (March 2016): 465–491.

Naf’atu, Lien Iffa. “Interpretasi Kontestual Abdullah Saed: Sebuah Penyempurnaan Terhadap Gagasan Tafsir Fazlur Rahman.” Hermeneutik 9, no. 1 (June 2015): 65–90.

Rahman, Fazlur. Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

———. Major Themes of the Qur’an. Chicago: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1994.

Saeed, Abdullah. Interpreting the Qur’an: Towards a Contemporary Approach. New York: Routledge, 2006.

———. Introduction to the Qur’an: History, Interpretation and Approaches. New York: Routledge, 2008.

———. Reading the Qur’an in the Twenty-First Century: A Contextualist Approach. New York: Routledge, 2014.

Saeed, Abdullah, and Ali Akbar. “Interpretation and Mutability: Socio-Legal Texts of the Quran; Three Accounts from Contemporary Iran.” Middle Eastern Studies 54, no. 3 (May 2018): 442–458.

Sahiron, Syamsuddin. “A Peaceful Message beyond the Permission of Warfare (Jihad)”.” In (Un)Common Sounds: Song of Peace and Reconciliation among Muslims and Christians, by Roberta N King and Sooi Ling Tan. Oregon: Cascade Books, 2014.

Shahbah, Muḥammad Abū. Al-Madkhal li Dirāsāt al-Qur’ān. Riyad-KSA: Dār al-Liwā, 1987.

Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. What Is Scripture: A Comparative Approach. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993.

Zartman, I William. Negotiation and Conflict Management. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Article Metrics
Abstract viewed: 102
Fulltext PDF downloaded: 34
Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Siddiq, A. (2021). How to Deal with the Verses of War: Abdullah Saeed’s Instructional Values on Reading the Qur’an. Ulumuna, 25(1), 84-107. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v25i1.423
Section
Articles