The Characteristics of Pesantren in the Development of Islamic Education in West Sumatra
The aim of the study is to investigate the characteristics of pesantren in the development of Islamic education in West Sumatra. This region is well known for the early history of Islamic education in Indonesia. This is a qualitative study where the data were gathered through observation, interview, focus group discussion, and documentation in eleven pesantrens in the province of West Sumatra. This study reveals three main characters of the Islamic boarding schools, namely institutional system, curriculum and learning system and typology. Institutionally, Islamic boarding schools is under the auspices of a foundation. However, leadership and regeneration are still closely linked to the family of the pesantren founders. The curriculum and learning system are integrated from general/state school curriculum, classical pesantren curriculum, and modern Islamic school curriculum. Various classical-medieval literature in Islamic studies, commonly known as kitab kuning, are to a great extent also still used, especially in the institutions that only run traditional Islamic boarding schools (pesantren salaf).
Keywords: Characteristics, Islamic boarding schools, Islamic education
Abdurrahman, Nana Herdiana. “Character Education in Islamic Boarding School-Based SMA Amanah.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam UIN Sunan Gunung Djati 2, no. 2 (2016): 287–305.
Amri, Muhammad, SZAB Tahir, and Salman Ahmad. “The Implementation of Islamic Teaching in Multiculturalism Society: A Case Study at Pesantren Schools in Indonesia.” Asian Social Science 13, no. 6 (2017): 125.
Anhari, Masjkur. “Integrasi Sekolah Ke Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren.” Surabaya: Diantama, 2007.
Arnelis, Arnelis, Marjohan Marjohan, and Syahniar Syahniar. “Usaha Kaum Mudo Minangkabau Dalam Pembaharuan Pendidikan Islam Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pelayanan Bimbingan Dan Konseling.” Konselor 5, no. 3 (2016): 194–203.
Aspinall, Edward. Islam and Nation: Separatist Rebellion in Aceh, Indonesia. Stanford University Press, 2009.
Asrohah, Hanun. “The Dynamics of Pesantren: Responses toward Modernity and Mechanism in Organizing Transformation.” Journal of Indonesian Islam 5, no. 1 (2011): 66–90.
Azra, Azyumardi, and Dina Afrianty. “Pesantren and Madrasa: Modernization of Indonesian Muslim Society.” In Workshop on Madrasa, Modernity and Islamic Education, Boston University, CURA, 2005.
Azra, Azyumardi, Dina Afrianty, and Robert W. Hefner. “Pesantren and Madrasa: Muslim Schools and National Ideals in Indonesia.” Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education, 2007, 172–98.
Baharun, Hasan, and Siti Maryam. “Building Character Education Using Three Matra of Hasan Al-Banna’s Perspective in Pesantren.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam UIN Sunan Gunung Djati 4, no. 2 (2019): 51–62.
Bin Tahir, Saidna Zulfiqar. “Multilingual Teaching and Learning at Pesantren Schools in Indonesia.” Asian EFL Journal 89 (2017): 74–94.
Erman, Erman. “Tradisi Keilmuan Madrasah Perti: Pewarisan Kitab Kuning Di Minangkabau.” Hadharah, 2019.
Fithri, Widia. “Dinamika Pendidikan Islam Di Minangkabau (86 Tahun Perjalanan Madrasah Diniyyah Pasia),” n.d.
Hashim, Che Noraini, and Hasan Langgulung. “Islamic Religious Curriculum in Muslim Countries: The Experiences of Indonesia and Malaysia.” Bulletin of Education & Research 30, no. 1 (2008): 1–19.
Hasibuan, Zainal Efendi. “The Portrait of Surau as a Forerunner of Madrasah: The Dynamics of Islamic Institutions in Minangkabau Toward Modernization.” AJIS: Academic Journal of Islamic Studies 1, no. 1 (2016): 1–28.
Hefner, Robert W. “Islamic Schools, Social Movements, and Democracy in Indonesia.” Making Modern Muslims: The Politics of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia, 2009, 55–105.
Kosim, Muhammad. “Tradisi Madrasah Tarbiyah Islamiyah Di Sumatera Barat,” 2018.
Parker, Lyn. “The Experience of Adolescent Students in Modernist Islamic Boarding Schools in West Sumatra, Indonesia.” Asian Studies M 211 (2008).
Ritonga, Tamin, Azawar Ananda, and Helmi Hasan. “The Teaching Learning Methods of Islamic Classical Books In Islamic Boarding School.” Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education 6, no. 4 (2017): 126–132.
Saharman, Saharman. “Sejarah Pendidikan Islam di Minangkabau.” Turast: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengabdian 6, no. 1 (2018): 93–104.
———. “Surau Sebagai Lembaga Pendidikan Islam Di Minangkabau.” Pendidikan Islam 1, no. 2 (2017): 53–75.
Sista, Taufik Rizki, Safiruddin Al Baqi, and Agus Budiman. “The Implementation Of Islamic Education In Student Moral Guidance On Traditional And Modern Pesantren Institution.” PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences 4, no. 3 (2018).
Thahir, Mustain. “The Role and Function of Islamic Boarding School: An Indonesian Context.” TAWARIKH 5, no. 2 (2014).
Wanandi, Jusuf. “Islam in Indonesia: Its History, Development and Future Challenges.” Asia Pacific Review 9, no. 2 (2002): 104–112.
Wekke, Ismail Suardi. “Religious Education and Empowerment: Study on Pesantren in Muslim Minority West Papua.” MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman 37, no. 2 (2016).
Woodward, Mark, Inayah Rohmaniyah, Ali Amin, and Diana Coleman. “Muslim Education, Celebrating Islam and Having Fun as Counter-Radicalization Strategies in Indonesia.” Perspectives on Terrorism 4, no. 4 (2010): 28–50.
Yunus, Mahmud. Sejarah Pendidikan Islam; Dari Zaman Nabi SAW, Khalifah-Khalifah Rasyidin, Bani Umaiyah Dan Abbasiyah Sampai Zaman Mamluks Dan Usmaniyah Turki; Untuk Mahasiswa-Mahasiswa Fakultas Tarbiyah IAIN. Hidakarya Agung, 1979.
Zakariya, Din Muhammad. “The Concept Of Islamic Education Curriculum: The Study Of Tawhid In Al-Islam Pesantren Lamongan Indonesia.” Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 1, no. 2 (2015): 98–104.
Zarkasyi, Hamid Fahmy. “Modern Pondok Pesantren: Maintaining Tradition in Modern System.” TSAQAFAH 11, no. 2 (2015): 223–248.
Ziemek, Manfred. Pesantren Dalam Perubahan Sosial. Perhimpunan Pengembangan Pesantren dan Masyarakat (P3M), 1986.
Fulltext PDF downloaded: 62
Copyright (c) 2020 Ulumuna
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.