Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Exploring the Integration-Interconnection Paradigm in the Indonesian Context of Community Education And Practice

  • Muchammadun Muchammadun UIN Mataram


The paper explores the daunting question as to how the integration-interconnection paradigm is actualised in the context of academic disciplines in Indonesia. This is accomplished by specifically analysing its application, through a purposive sampling of previously published studies, to the field of community development. The subsequent conclusions reveal core features of the integration-interconnection paradigm and its historical roots, and their relevance for community education and development today. In supporting the integration-interconnection paradigm, the writer proposes that Rothman’s and Ann Jeffries’ revised community development model is suitable for modification to accommodate local community education and practice in Indonesia. The paper identifies three major findings from studies in this field and discusses their implications. Firstly, from the epistemological point of view, there is a growing belief that science and religion are able to engage in collaborative dialogue rather than exist in mutual isolation. This will ensure an enhanced understanding of human interaction within our social environment. Secondly, religion and spirituality may potentially contribute to establishing a shared-base for supporting ethical values for professional practice. The final finding is that community developers, working from these underpinning assumptions, are more likely to succeed in their goals through exploring participatory ways of community practice. 

Keywords: Integration-Interconnection Paradigm, cross culture diversity, community education, development models


Abdullah, M. Amin. Implementasi Pendekatan Integratif-Interkonektif dalam Kajian Pendidikan Islam. Yogyakarta: Program Pascasarjana UIN Yogyakarta, 2014.

Abdullah, M. Amin. “Epistemologi Ilmu Profetik: Apa yang Terlupakan dari Ilmu-ilmu ‘Sekuler’?” Paper presented at the Sarasehan Ilmu Profetik II, Ruang Sidang A Lt. 5 school of Post Graduate studies, UGM, July 28, 2011.

———. “Interpreting the Quran Responding to the Challenges of the Modern World: Moslem Societies at Crossroads.” Paper presented at the Symposium on Social, Ethical, and Policy Implications of Interpretations of Islam’s Foundational Text: The Quran, New York University’s Casa Italiana, November 28, 2010.

———. “Religion Science and Culture an Integrated, Interconnected Paradigm of Science.” Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies 52, no. 1 (2014): 175–203.

Adamson, P. Interpreting Avicienna: Critical Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Aertsen, J. A. “Avicenna’s Doctrine of the Primary Notions and Its Impact on Medieval Philosophy.” In Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages: Studies in Text, Transmission and Translation, in Honour of Hans Daiber, edited by A. Akasoy and W. Raven. Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008.

Ahmad, Nur. “Shedding New Lights on Javanese Mysticism: Pegon Manuscripts in the Javanese World.” Ulumuna 23, no. 2 (2019): 221–241. Accessed June 10, 2020. index.php/ujis/article/view/370.

Al-Kindi, Ya’qub ibn Ishaq. On First Philosophy. Translated by A. L. Ivry. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1974.

———. “On First Philosophy.” Stanford University. Last modified 1974. Accessed April 21, 2013. http://plato.

Alsubaie, Merfat Ayesh. “Journal of Education and Practice.” Journal of Education and Practice 6, no. 33 (2005).

Arab Republic of Egypt, National Commission for UNESCO. Islamic and Arab Contribution to the European Renaissance. Cairo, Egypt: Associated Institution for the Study and Presentation of Arab Cultural Values, General Egyptian Book Organization, 1977.

Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā). “Ibn Sīnā.” Al-Najah. Cairo, Egypt, 1923.

———. “Ibn Sina’s Metaphysics.” Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy. Standford, n.d. Accessed December 20, 2019.

Barker, L.R. The Social Work Dictionary. Washington DC: NASW Press, 2003.

Bimbo, Chusnul Chotimah. “Islam Today in Modern West: Fazlur Rahman’s and Tariq Ramadan’s Views on Jihad.” Ulumuna 23, no. 1 (June 28, 2019): 71–89. Accessed June 10, 2020.

BPS.IPM. “Indeks Pembangunan Manusia.” Badan Pusat Statistik. Accessed May 7, 2019. 26/indeks-pe-pembangunan-manusia.html.

Bulliet, Richard W. The Case for Islamo-Christian Civilization. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Bullis, Ronald K. Spirituality in Social Work Practice. Washington DC: Taylor & Francis, 2005.

Coates, John H. “Ideology and Education for Social Work Practice.” Journal of Progressive Human Services 2, no. 3 (1992): 15–30.

Frassetto, Michael. Christian and Muslims in the Middle Ages From Muhammad to Dante. New York: Lexington Books, 2020.

Freire, Paulo. Education for Critical Consciousness. New York: Seabury, 1973.

Gagne, Robert M., ed. Learning and Individual Differences. New York: Charles E. Merril Books, 1967.

Gray, Mel, John H. Coates, and Michael Yellow Bird. Indigenous Social Work Around the World: Towards Culturally Relevant Education and Practice. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2010.

Haskins, Charles Homer. The Rise of Universities. New York: Cornel University Press, 1965.

Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Lammer, Andreas. The Elements of Avicenna’s Physics: Greek Sources and Arabic Innovations. Berlin: Walter de Gruyster GmbH, 2018.

Ragab, Ibrahim A. Authentization of Social Work in Developing Countries. Tanta, Egypt: Integrated Social Services Project Publication, 1982.

———. “How Community Development Can Take Root in Developing Countries.” Journal of Social Development Issues 12, no. 3 (1990): 38–51.

———. “The Islamic Perspective on Social Work: A Conceptual Framework.” Journal International Social Work 59, no. 3 (2016): 325–342.

Reamer, Frederic G. The Philosophical Foundations of Social Work. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Robbin, P., Pranab Chatterjee, and Edward R. Canda. “Ideology, Scientific Theory, and Social Work Practice.” Journal Families in Society 80, no. 4 (384 374AD): 1999.

Saparudin, Saparudin. “Salafism, State Recognition and Local Tension: New Trends in Islamic Education in Lombok.” Ulumuna 21, no. 1 (June 30, 2017): 81–107. Accessed June 10, 2020.

Soeharto, Edi. Pembangunan Sosial dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Spektrum Pemikiran. Bandung: LSP-STKS, 1997.

Tan, Ngoh Tiong, and Ellis Enval. “Social Work: Challenges in the New Millenium.” In Social Work around the World, edited by Ngoh Tiong Tan and Ellis Enval. Zurich: IFSW Press, 2000.

Weil, Mary O., and Dorothy N. Gamble. Community Practice Models in Encyclopedia of Social Work. Washington: NASW Press, 1995.

Article Metrics
Abstract viewed: 113
Fulltext PDF downloaded: 47
How to Cite
Muchammadun, M. (2020). Exploring the Integration-Interconnection Paradigm in the Indonesian Context of Community Education And Practice. Ulumuna, 24(1), 57-76.