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INTERFAITH TOLERANCE IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF MAQASIDI> IBNU ‘ASHUR EXEGESIS: A STUDY ON AL-TAHRIR WA AL-TANWIR EXEGESIS

  • Moh. Abdul Kholiq Hasan Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

Abstract

The religious differences are often the trigger of conflict when there is a capitalization of religion. Among them are interpretations of narrow religious texts that are far from the dialectic of religious ideal with the reality of society. This is where the need to understand the principle of tolerance between religious people based on a correct understanding of religious texts. Maqa>si{di> approach can be one of the alternatives. This study aims to determine the concept of interfaith tolerance from the perspective of maqa>si{di> Ibnu ‘A>shu>r Exegesis. This study is a library research, using descriptive analysis method and maqa>si{d al-shari>’ah theoretical approach. The result of this study indicates that interfaith tolerance according to Ibnu ‘A>shu>r is one of real implementations of the purpose of shariah or maqa>s}id al-shari>’ah. One of the values of maqa>s}id is jalbu al-masa>lih} wa dar’u> al-mafa>sid (the common good and leave destruction); al-musa>wah (egalitarian); ‘ada>lah (justice) fit}rah (natural conscience); and h}urriyah (freedom). With tolerance, common good can be created and destruction arising from interfaith intolerance can be avoided. Among the principles of tolerance to be enforced according to Ibnu ‘A>shu>r is the freedom to choose a religion; finding the common ground among the people from different religions; respecting and not mocking other beliefs; making peace as a priority; humanistic social interaction; religious pluralism is absolute; preaching in the good and right way; prohibition of destruction of houses of worship; equality; impartial interaction; exclusivity principal in having a faith.

Keywords: Tolerance, al-Maqasidi Exegesis, Ibnu ‘Ashur, al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir

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2018-11-17
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Hasan, M. (2018). INTERFAITH TOLERANCE IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF MAQASIDI> IBNU ‘ASHUR EXEGESIS: A STUDY ON AL-TAHRIR WA AL-TANWIR EXEGESIS. Ulumuna, 22(2). Retrieved from https://ulumuna.or.id/index.php/ujis/article/view/301
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