Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Hukum Pernikahan di Kesultanan Melaka Abad ke-15 dan ke-16 M

  • Ayang Utriza Yakin ndonesian Sharia Watch, State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta

Abstract

This article examines legal aspects of Marriage law in the Sultanate of Malaka in the 15th and 16th centuries. It focuses on some legal aspects of Undang-undang Melaka (a text of laws of Melaka) represented by Liaw Yock Fang, regarding the issues of marriage such as wali (marriage guardian), ijāb-qabūl (consent of both parties), witness(es), t\alāq (repudiation), faskh (broken marriage contract), interfaith marriage and marrying slave. This study aims to know the source of the marriage laws of Undang-Undang Melaka (UUM). It shows that UUM was a collection of common law in Melaka and consisted of Islamic law. One aspect of Islamic laws was marriage law. In UUM, the legal aspect was based on fiqh of several schools (madhhab), particularly the al-Shāfi‘ī school derived from al-Iqnā’ written by al-Sharbini. This finding also refuses the previous research finding stating that it was derived from al-Taqrīb by Abū Shujā.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v19i1.1248

Keywords: Melaka, Sultanate, Undang-undang Melaka

References

Adil, Buyong Bin. Sejarah Melaka Dalam Zaman Kerajaan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1973.

Albuquerque, Afonso. The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque. Penerjemah Walter De Gray Birch, 4 jilid, jilid III. London: The Hakluyt Society, 1774.

Alves, Jorge M. dos Santos. "The Foreign Traders' Management in the Sultanates of the Straits of Malacca." dalam From The Mediterranean To The China Sea, disunting oleh Claude Guillot, Denys Lombard dan Roderick Ptak, 131-142. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1998.

al-Gazālī, Muhammad Ibn. al-Wasīt Fī al-Madzhab. Disunting oleh Ahmad Mahmūd Ibrāhīm dan Muhammad Muhammad Tāmir, 7 jilid, Jilid VII, Kairo: Dār al-Salām, 1997.

al-Gazīrī, 'Abd Rahmān. Kitāb al-Fiqh 'Ala Madhāb al-Arba'a, 5 jilid. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1987/1406.

al-Shāfi'I, Muhammad Ibn Idrīs. al-Umm. Disunting oleh Muhammad Zuhrī al-Naggār, VII jilid, Beirut: Dār al-Ma'rifa, tanpa tahun.

al-Sarahsī, Shamsuddīn. al-Mabsūt, XXX jilid. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyya, 1994/1414.

al-Sharbīnī, Shamsuddīn Ibn Ahmad. al-Iqnā' Fī Halli Alfāzi Abī Shugā'. Disunting oleh 'Ali 'Abd al-Hamīd Abū al-Hayr dan Muhammad Wahbī Sulaymān, 2 jilid, Jilid II, Damaskus: Dār al-Hayr, 1996.

Andaya, Barbara Watson dan Andaya, Leonard Y. A History of Malaysia. Honolulu: Univesity of Hawai'i, 2001.

Barbosa, Duarte. The Book of Duarte Barbosa 1512. Diterjemahkan dari teks Portugis edisi 1812 oleh Mansel Longworth Dames, jilid 2. London: The HakluytSociety, 1921.

Blagden, C.O. "Malacca," dalam Encyclopédie de l'Islam. Leiden dan Paris: E.J. Brill dan C. Klincksieck, 1936. 198-199.

Braddel, Rolland. The Study of Ancient Times in the Malay Peninsula and Straits of Malacca. Kuala Lumpur: MBRAS, 1989.

Chambert-Loir, Henry dan Salahudin, Siti Maryam R (ed.). Bo' Sangaji Kai: Catatan Kerajaan Bima. Jakarta: EFEO&YOI, 2000.

Daly, Peunoh. "Hukum Nikah, Talak, Rujuk, Hadanah dan Nafkah Kerabat dalam Naskah Mir'āt al-Tullāb Karya 'Abd Ra'uf Singkel." Disertasi Doktor, Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jakarta, 1982, 599-600.

Djajadiningrat, Hoesein. Tinjauan Kritis Tentang Sejarah Banten, Jakarta: Djambatan, 1983.

Eredia, Godinho De. Description of Malacca and Meridional India and Cathay. Terjemah oleh J.V. Mills. Kuala Lumpur: MBRAS, 1997.

Fang, Liaw Yock. Undang-Undang Melaka. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1976.

Fatimi, S. Q. Islam Comes To Malaysia. Singapore: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, 1963.

Ferrand, G. Malaka: Le Malayu et Malayur. Paris: Impimerie Nationale, 1918.

Gaudemet, Jean. "Codes, Collections, Compilations Les Leçons de l'Histoire. De Grégorius A Jean Chappuis." Droits 24, no. La Codification I (1996): 3-16.

Gazzaniga, Jean-Louis. "Rédaction des Coutumes et Codification." Droits 26, no. La Codification II (1997): 71-80.

Groeneveldt, W. P. "Notes on the Malay Archipelago and Malacca Compiled Form Chinese Sources." Verhandelingen Van Het Bataviaasch Genootschap Van Kunsten En Wetenschappen XXXIX, no. I (1877): 1-144.

Guillot, Claude. "La perse et le Monde malais. Echanges commerciaux et intellectuels." Archipel 68 (2004): 159-192.

Gungwu, Wang. "The First Three Rulers of Malacca," Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XLI, no. I, July (1968): 11-22.

Hashim, Muhammad Yusoff. Kesultanan Melayu Melaka. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1990.

---------. The Malay Sultanate of Malacca. Terjemah oleh D.J. Muzaffar Tate. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1992.

Harun, Jelani. Undang-Undang Kesultanan Melayu dalam Perbandingan. Pulau Pinang: Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2008.

Hooker, M. B. Islamic Law in South South-East Asia. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1984.

----------. "A Note on the Malayan Legal Digests." Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XLI, no. I, (July 1968): 157-170.

Ibn Manzhur, Lisan al-'Arab, édité par 'Abdullah Al-'Ayalilī, 3 jilid, Jilid II, Beirut: Dar Lisan al-'Arab, tanpa tahun.

Ibn Rušd, Abū al-Walīd Muhammad. Bidāya al-Mugtahid Wa Nihāya al-Muqtasid, 2 jilid. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, tanpa tahun.

Jacq-Hergoualc'h, Michael. The Malay Peninsula Crossroads Of The Maritime Silk Road (100 BC - 1300 AD), penerjemah Victoria Hobson, Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Lanang, Tun Seri. Sulalat al-Salatin ya'ni Pertuturan Segala Raja-raja (Sejarah Melayu). Disunting oleh Muhammad Haji Salleh, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1997.

Liji, Liang. Hubungan Empayar Melaka-Dinasti Ming Abad ke-15. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 1996.

Pigeaud, Theodore G. TH. Java in the 14th Century. A Study in Cultural History. The Nagara-Kertagama by Rakawi Prapanca of Majapahit, 1365 A.D., 5 jilid. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1960-1963.

Pirés, Tomes. The Suma Oriental, An Account Of The East From The Red Sea To Japan, Written In Malacca And India In 1512-1515. Disunting oleh Armando Cortesao, 2 jilid, New Delhi: Asian educational services, 1990.

Reid, Anthony. Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 1450-1680, 2 jilid. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988.

Reig, Daniel. Dictionnaire Arabe Français, Français Arabe. Paris:Larouse, 1983.

Sābiq, Sayyid. Fiqh Sunna, III jilid. Kairo, tanpa penerbit, 1988/1409.

Schacht, J. "Nikāh." dalam Encyclopédie de l'Islam, h. 26-29. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995.

Schrieke, B. Indonesian Sociological Studies. The Hague and Bandung: Van Hoeve, 1955.

Thomaz, Luis Filipe Ferreira Reis. "The Malay Sultanate of Melaka." dalam Southeast Asia in the Early Modern Era: Trade, Power, and Belief, disunting oleh Anthony Reid, 69-90, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Vlekke, B.H.M. Nusantara A History of Indonesia. The Hague and Bandung: Van Hoeve, 1943.

Wilkinson, R.J. "The Fall of Malacca." Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XIII, no. 2 (1935): 68-69.

-------------. "The Malacca Sultanate." Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XIII, no. 2 (1935): 22-67.

Winstedt, R.O. dan de Jong, Joselin P.E. "The Maritime Laws of Malacca." Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XXIX, no. III (1956): 22-59.

Winstedt, R.O. "A History of Malaya." Journal of the Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society XIII, no. I (1935): 1-36.

-----------. "Old Malay Legal Digests and Malay Customary Law." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, no. 1 & 2 (1945):17-29.

Wawancara dengan Claude Guillot pada Senin 7 Februari 2005.
Article Metrics
Abstract viewed: 55
PDF downloaded: 62
Published
2015-06-29
How to Cite
Yakin, A. (2015). Hukum Pernikahan di Kesultanan Melaka Abad ke-15 dan ke-16 M. Ulumuna, 19(1), 1-32. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v19i1.1248
Section
Articles