Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Theological Argument for the Molondhalo Tradition Held by the Gorontalo Ethnic Community

  • Sofyan A.P. Kau State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo
  • Zulkarnain Suleman State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo

Abstract

Molondhalo is one of the traditions preserved by the Muslim community of Gorontalo. This tradition concerns “touching” the stomach of a pregnant woman at the seventh month of the pregnancy. In Javanese community, this tradition is called Mitoni, in Acehnese Peusijuek, in Sundanese Tingkeban, and in Balinese community magedong-gedongan. Within the Molondhalo ritual, there are cultural attributes, and recital of safety prayer (ngadisalawati) with a set of hulante and polutube. Some of these molondalo traditional practices gain critics from the outsider, i.e. puritan Muslims, because such a ritual practice exposes the awrat (part of the bodies that should be covered) and is said to have been infuenced by Hinduism. This article is not intended to merely address those challenges, but also to show some of the theological arguments of this custom/tradition based on the interpretation of the philosophy of the Gorontalonese community: “Adati hula-hulaa to sara’a, sara’a hula-hulaa to qur’ani” (Custom is based on shari’a, shari’a is based on the Qur’an).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v19i2.331

Keywords: Molondhalo, theological argument, the Gorontalo Ethnic Community

References

Al-Anbali, Aḥmad ibn Sa’id Khamis. Terapi Sedekah untuk Kesembuhan. Solo: Pustala Iltizam, 2011.

Botutihe, Medi dan Farha Daulima. Tata Cara Adat Kelahiran dan Keremajaan pada Masyarakat Adat Suku Gorontalo. Gorontalo: Yayasan Fitrah, n.d.

Daulima, Farha Daulima. Ragam Upacara Tradisional Daerah Gorontalo. Gorontalo: Forum Suara Perempuan, 2006.

Endraswara, Suwardi. Mistik Kejawen Sinkretisme, Simbolisme dan Sufisme dalam Budaya Spritual Jawa. Yogyakarta: Narasi, 2003.

Hidayat. Akulturasi Islam dan Budaya Melayu. Jakarta: LITBANG Kemenag, 2009.

Kau, Sofyan A.P. Sejarah Sosial Ulama Gorontalo: Studi tentang Potret dan Peran Tokoh Islam di Gorontalo. Gorontalo: Sultan Amai Press, 2014.

Khallāf, Abdul Wahhāb. Ilmu Ushul Fiqhi Translated. Moh. Zuhridan Ahmad Qarib. Semarang: Dina Utama, 1994.

Mahfudh, M.A. Sahal. Wajah Baru Fikih Pesantren. Jakarta: Citra Pustaka&KMF Jakarta, 2004.

Muhsin, Imam. Al-Qur’an dan Budaya Jawa. Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press, 2013.

Muslim, Abī al-Ḥusain Muslīm ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Naisābūrī al-Imām. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslīm. Taḥḥqīq Abū al-Faḍl al-Dimyāt}ī. Beirut: Dār al-Bayān al-‘Arabī, 2006.

Mustakimah. “Tradisi Molonthalo Dalam Masyarakat Gorontalo (Suatu Kajian Sosio-Religius Terhadap Akulturasi Islam Dengan Budaya Lokal)”. Disertasi. Makasar: UIN Alauddin, 2013.

Niode, Olha S. Beranda Etika Gorontalo. Manado: STAIN Manado Press, 2014.

Nur, S. R. “Beberapa Aspek Hukum Tata Kerajaan pada Masa Pemerintahan Eyato 1673-1679”. Disertasi. Ujung Pandang: UNHAS Press, 1979.

Pateda, Karim. “Keragaman Adat Gorontalo.” In Kumpulan Makalah Kongres Nasional Bahasa dan Adat Gorontalo I. Gorontalo: Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, 2008.

Polontalo, Ibrahim. ”Adat Bersendikan Syarak, Syarak Bersendikan Kitabullah sebagai Dasar Pengembangan Budaya dan Pelaksanaan Islam di Gorontalo”. In Nani Tuloli, (ed.), Membumikan Islam; Seminar Nasional Pengembangan Kebudayaan Islam Kawasan Timur Indonesia, edited by Nani Tuloli. Gorontalo: Grafika Karya, 2004.

Polontalo, Ibrahim. Peranan Tidi Lo Polopalo; Gorontalo dalam Pembinaan Kepribadian Suku Gorontalo. Manado: FKPS IKIP Manado, 1968.

Puhi, Ismail. ”Nilai-Nilai Ekonomi Syariah dalam Sistem Adat dan Budaya Masyarakat Gorontalo.” In ZohraYasin, Islam Tradisi dan Kearifan Lokal Gorontalo, edited byZohra Yasin. Gorontalo: Sultan Amai, 2013.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Jilbab Pakaian Wanita Muslimah Pandangan Ulama Masa Lalu dan Cendekiawan Kontemporer. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2005.

Sholikhin, Muhammad. Ritual danTradisi Islam Jawa. Yogyakarta: Narasi, 2010.

Tohopi, Ridwan. ”Tradisi Perayaan Isra’ Mi’raj dalam Budaya Islam Lokal Masyarakat Gorontalo”, el-Harakah, Vol. 14 No. 1 (2012).
Article Metrics
Abstract viewed: 48
PDF downloaded: 63
Published
2015-12-30
How to Cite
Kau, S., & Suleman, Z. (2015). Theological Argument for the Molondhalo Tradition Held by the Gorontalo Ethnic Community. Ulumuna, 19(2), 225-250. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v19i2.331
Section
Articles