Learning from the Wisdom of The Prophets: Spiritual Intelligence of Hūd and Muḥammad in Ibn Arabi’s View
The wisdom of the prophets in Ibn ‘Arabi’s Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam is deeply concerned with discovering how the prophets who are taken up in each chapter exemplify different facets of the deeper spiritual process of the divine-human relation. This article examines two particular fass and wisdom of Hūd and Muḥammad. The wisdom of Hud represents knowledge through the feet” (‘ilm al-rijl), the knowing that can only come through actually traveling through all the tests and lessons of the earthly human existence or sulūk, while the wisdom of Muḥammad defines the role of love and its multiple layers. Both are seen to be a spiritual intelligence of the prophets. Spiritual Intelligence empowers people to deal with and resolve life-world issues while demonstrating virtuous behaviour such as humility, compassion, gratitude, and wisdom. For Ibn ‘Arabī, spiritual intelligence is about discovering intrinsic distinctions between truth and illusion, and spiritual discernment is all about. Finally, through his particular work, Ibn ‘Arabī highlights and assumes a recurrent progression from habitual conditioning that human usually encounter to a greater depth and breadth of consciousness.
Austin, R.W.J. (translation and intro). Ibn al-’Arabī: The Bezels of Wisdom. Ramsey : NJ, Paulist Press, 1980.
Chittick, William C. “The School of Ibn ‘Arabi.” In History of Islamic Philosophy, edited by Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman. London: Routledge, 1996.
--------. Imaginal Worlds: Ibn al-‘Arabi and the Problem of Religious Diversity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994.
--------.The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-‘Arabi’s Metaphysics of Imagination. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989.
--------.The Self-Disclosure of God: Principles of Ibn ‘Arabi’s Cosmology. New York: State University of New York, 1998.
--------. Ibn ‘Arabī’s Own Summary of the Fuṣūṣ: The Imprint of the Bezels of the Wisdom”, in the Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society, Vol. 1, 1982.
Coates, Peter. Ibn ‘Arabī and Modern Thought: The History of Taking Metaphysics Seriously. Oxford, UK: Anqa Publishing, 2002.
Dagli, Caner K. (translation). Ibn ‘Arabi:The Ringstones of Wisdom. Chicago: Great Books of the Islamic World, 2004.
--------. “From Mysticism to Philosophy (And Back): An Ontological History of the School of Oneness of Being.” PhD diss., Princeton University, 2006.
Ernst, Carl. W. “Mystical Language and the Teaching Context in the Early Lexicons of Sufism.” In Mysticism and Language, edited by Steven T. Katz. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Fazeli, Seyyed Ahmad, “ The system of Divine Manifestation in the Ibn ‘Arabian School of Thought”, Journal Kanz Philosophia, vol. 2 (2011) : 109-132.
Graham, W.A. Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam, The Hague, 1977
Ḥakim, Su’ād al-. Al-Mu‘jam al-Ṣūfi. Beirut: Dandala Publishers, 1981.
Ibn ‘Arabī, Muhyī al-Dīn. Al- Futūḥāt al-Makkiyya, 4 volumes. Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1971.
-------. Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam, ed. A. ‘Affifi. Beirut: Dar al Kutub al-‘Arabī, 1946.
Izutsu, Toshihiko. Sufism and Taoism; A Comparative Study of Key Philosophical Concepts. California : University of California Press, 1984.
Morris, James.The Reflective Heart: Discovering Spiritual Intelligence in Ibn ‘Arabi’s ‘Meccan Illuminations’. Louisville KY: Fons Vitae, 2005.
Emmons, R. A. (1999). The psychology of ultimate concern: Motivation and spirituality in personality. New York: Guilford Press.
Emmons, R. A. (2000a). Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition and the psychology of ultimate concern. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1), 3-26.
Emmons, R. A. (2000b). Spirituality and intelligence: Problems and prospects. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1), 57-64.
“ Concerning Ibn ‘Arabi’s Account of Knowledge of God (Ma’rifa) al-Haqq” in Kanz Philosophia : A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, 3 (2): 219-242. Retrieved from http://www.journal.sadra.ac.id/index.php/kanzphilosophia/article/view/49.
PDF downloaded: 69